Apr 07, 2022
In Places to Camp
The first breaking point was the mensalão scandal in 2005, when it came to light that the Workers' Party ( pt ) had received undeclared funds for the 2002 election campaign, which were later partially redistributed among allied parties. It was an illegal but common and traditionally tolerated practice in Brazil, which nonetheless shattered forever the carefully crafted image of the pt as an ethical bastion and a clear alternative to the clientelistic practices of the "old" Brazilian politics. Since the 2006 presidential elections, the pthe increasingly lost the support of his traditional working- and middle-class base, while attracting more poor voters from economically backward areas of the country, especially the northeast, who benefited most from social policies. It is this change in the electorate that the Brazilian political scientist André Singer, Lula's spokesman, and press secretary until 2006, has called "Lulism."6. Support for Lula is no longer based, as in the Whatsapp Mobile Number List on the desire for a break with the past or profound change, but on the expectation of having a state strong enough to improve the level of life of the population –and of the poorest in the first place–, but without a political radicalization or a permanent mass mobilization that threatens the status quo. Immediately after her victory, the president dismissed the economy minister, Guido Mantega, an economist who had been a faithful member of the ptfor decades, and replaced him with a conservative banker close to the financial markets, Joaquim Levy. Rousseff and her new economy minister promoted a recessionary turn in the hope of appeasing growing resistance from economic elites. The results were a sharp increase in unemployment, a reduction in public investment and social protection programs, an increase in interest rates and a drop in GDP (3.5% in 2015): a true "bactericide", the bitter neologism invented by the economist Pedro Paulo Zahluth Bastos9.